Many health problems and common diseases such as obesity, heart disease, cancer, and more are caused by bad lifestyle choices. These diseases are often referred to as “lifestyle diseases” because they are a result of the unhealthy lifestyle choices we make. Here are some of the common lifestyle choices that lead to bad health outcomes and how to avoid them.
1. Poor Nutrition
The effects of unhealthy eating habits and poor nutrition include the development of health problems such as obesity, type-2 diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, and more. Having good nutrition and eating a balanced diet is one of the essential ways of staying healthy. To start, avoid eating processed and fast foods as they are high in calories, sodium, and unhealthy fats. Swap out unhealthy options with more nutritious and nutrient-rich foods instead.
2. Physical Inactivity
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), leading a sedentary lifestyle is associated with health risks such as obesity, cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, osteoporosis, and more. Low physical activity and sedentary lifestyles are a great public health issue that is often overlooked. The best way to build healthy habits is to start as soon as possible and be disciplined about it. Making it a point to exercise regularly and adopting a more physically active lifestyle can help prevent these diseases.
3. Tobacco Products
Smoking causes lung diseases, cancer, heart disease, stroke, and increases the risk of developing many other diseases. The health risks of smoking are known far and wide, but unfortunately, many people start smoking and find it difficult to stop. Smoking not only puts the smoker at risk, but also risks the health of the people around them due to exposure from secondhand smoke. Kicking the habit will add years to your life and protect those around you as well.
4. Excessive Alcohol Consumption
Another unhealthy habit that increases the risk of developing health problems is excessive alcohol consumption. There’s nothing wrong with having a drink every once in a while, but drinking too much alcohol is extremely harmful to your body and your brain. It causes liver damage, brain and nervous system problems, heart disease, digestive problems, and disrupts the quality of your sleep. If you are having trouble reducing your alcohol intake, speak to your doctor or health professional.
5. Lack of Sleep
The side effects of sleep deprivation are often not taken seriously. However, lack of sleep is linked to health issues such as high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, obesity, and weakens your immune system. Not only that, sleep deficiency causes other problems that could interfere with your daily life such as poor concentration, impaired memory, irritability, and more. Reduce your risk of developing these problems by getting at least 7 to 8 hours of sleep per night.
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